16.1 The PRINCE2 processes
PRINCE2 is a process-based approach for project management. A process is a structured set of activities designed to accomplish a specific objective. It takes one or more defined inputs and turns them into defined outputs.
There are seven processes in PRINCE2, which provide the set of activities required to direct, manage and deliver a project successfully.
Figure 16.1 shows how each process is used throughout a project’s life.
PRINCE2 can be used on projects irrespective of project scale, complexity, geography, culture, etc. PRINCE2 can also be used whether the project is part of a programme or is being managed as a stand-alone initiative. This reflects the principle that PRINCE2 must be tailored to suit the particular project context; PRINCE2 Agile is an example of such tailoring to suit an agile context.
A mature agile environment may have many processes in existence that address the areas of project direction and stages (or an equivalent concept to stages), as well as processes to ensure that a project is started and ended in a controlled way.